Table 1. Sound output pathology and correct auscultatory finding of tests
Output pathology Correct auscultatory finding
(1) Third heart sound Third heart sound
(2) Double gallop Third heart sound and fourth heart sound
(3) Aortic stenosis Systolic ejection murmur
(4) Aortic regurgitation Diastolic regurgitant murmur and systolic ejection murmur*
(5) Mitral stenosis Opening snap and diastolic rumble*
(6) Mitral regurgitation Systolic regurgitant murmur
(7) Pericarditis Pericardial friction rub

*Choosing 2 findings are needed for diagnostic accuracy. The sound output order of the pre-lesson test: (1)-(2)-(3)-(4)-(5)-(6)-(7) The sound output order of the post-lesson test: (6)-(1)-(7)-(3)-(4)-(2)-(5)

Int J Med Educ. 2020; 11:107-110; doi: 10.5116/ijme.5eb6.70c6