Table 1. Modified COLT Questionnaire and scores based on the Filipino Data
Item Overall score (mean ± sd)
Factor 1. Teacher – Centeredness  
1 Residents should first master general medical principles before they can formulate their own learning goals. 4.21 ± 0.91
2 Residents learn best when the learning process is guided by an expert who has an overview of the field of interest 4.67 ± 0.60
3 When residents discuss a topic without an expert being present, they do not know at the end of the session if the questions have been answered correctly. 3.99 ± 0.88
4 As a teacher I have to indicate clearly what is important and what is less important for the residents to know. 4.2 ± 0.77
Factor 2. Appreciation of Active Learning  
5 Residents learn a great deal by explaining the subject matter to each other. 4.16 ± 0.64
6 Learning materials and teaching should invite residents to come up with examples to illustrate the subject matter. 4.37 ± 0.54
7 I think it is more important for residents to be able to analyze and critically appraise the subject matter than to memorize facts 4.7 ± 0.57
8 I think it is important that residents advise each other about the best ways to study. 3.95 ± 0.73
Factor 3. Orientation to Professional Practice  
9 Being introduced to the day-to-day practice of their future profession motivates residents to learn. 4.39 ± 0.57
10 It is a good learning outcome when residents demonstrate that they can apply their knowledge during their activities in situations in professional practice. 4.59 ± 0.50
11 I think that interactions between the residents and me are an important aspect of my teaching 4.66 ± 0.50
12 Discussing topics with each other helps residents learn how to deal with different points of view, so as to gain a deeper understanding. 4.62 ± 0.51
Int J Med Educ. 2020; 11:175-185; doi: 10.5116/ijme.5f2a.76eb