Entry-level role task performance criteria for the cardiovascular technology domain

Daniel P. Herbst

King Abdulaziz Cardiac Center, Department of Cardiac Sciences, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Submitted: 02/10/2011; Accepted: 30/06/2012; Published: 30/07/2012

Int J Med Educ. 2012; 3:141-150; doi: 10.5116/ijme.4fee.d2ea

© 2012 Daniel P. Herbst. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use of work provided the original work is properly cited. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Objectives: This study aims to identify entry-level role task performance criteria for the development of competencies in the cardiovascular technology domain.

Methods: A task analysis survey instrument was aligned with the CanMEDS 2005 physician competency framework along with other competency documents from the cardiovascular technology domain to collect data on performance criteria using recognized areas of competence for health professionals and to ensure a broad coverage of relevant role task definitions. The research targeted practitioners from 35 tertiary care centers across Saudi Arabia where cardiovascular technology services are utilized. Entry-level performance criteria identified in the survey were then used as inputs for a proposed competency profile for the cardiovascular technology field.

Results: A total of 182 email invitations were sent with a response rate of 52% (n=95), generating participants from 17 of the 35 centers targeted. Respondents included 59 Saudi nationals, 29 Filipinos, three South Africans, two Jordanians one American and one missing data entry for nationality. In total, 88 entry-level performance criteria were identified and two areas of deficiency in current cardiovascular technology training and scope of practice were highlighted.

Conclusions: Aligned with the purpose of outcomes-based education, this study offers an initial step toward further development of competencies for the cardiovascular technology domain using a well established competency framework, and highlights the need to increase emphasis on training and development of clinical expertise and attitudes toward more patient-centered care.